There is no age limit for contributing funds, but there is an age limit for starting withdrawals. You must be 59 and a half years old to start withdrawing income from contributions, or you must pay taxes and fines. There's no age limit for opening a Roth IRA, but there are income and contribution limits that investors should be aware of before funding one. Let's look at the pros and cons.
You can withdraw any contributions you have made to your Roth IRA at any time, without paying taxes or penalties. However, you may have to pay taxes and penalties on your Roth IRA earnings. Children of any age can contribute to an IRA as long as they have earned income from a job, either from an employer (such as a newspaper or a lifeguard) or from a small business of their own. Once the custodial IRA is opened, the custodian manages all the assets until the child turns 18 (or 21 in some states).
When they retire, they're likely to be in a much higher category and therefore keep more of their money, says Allan Katz, president of the Staten Island Comprehensive Wealth Management Group, N. Even people with high incomes who can't directly fund a Roth IRA can use this strategy, also known as a clandestine Roth IRA. Next, we'll look at two types of IRAs for children, the benefits offered by these tax-advantaged investment instruments, and how to open and make contributions to an IRA for children. Although age is not an issue in the Roth decision, there are other factors that will determine how much you can save in a Roth for a given year.
Your child, regardless of age, can contribute to an IRA as long as they have earned income, defined by the IRS as all taxable income and wages from working as an employee or from running or owning a business. If you don't expect to need the funds during your retirement, you can leave the money in your Roth IRA as an inheritance for your heirs. By law, banks, brokers and investment companies require custodial or guardianship accounts if your child is under 18 in most states; under 19 and 21 in others). A Roth IRA is an individual retirement account (IRA) that allows certain distributions or withdrawals to be made tax-exempt, provided that specific conditions are met.
The IRS dictates not only how much money you can deposit in a Roth IRA, but also the type of money you can deposit. This contrasts with a traditional IRA, which requires mandatory minimum distributions (RMD) starting at age 72, in amounts based on life expectancy and account balance. While you might see brokers touting a Roth IRA for children (like Fidelity Investments does), there's nothing special about the way a child's IRA works, at least when it comes to the IRS. In addition, if you are under 59 and a half years old, you may have to pay an additional 10% tax for early withdrawals, unless you qualify for an exception.
For people who work for an employer, the compensation that is eligible to fund a Roth IRA includes salaries, salaries, commissions, bonuses, and other amounts paid to the person for the services they provide. If you're under 59 and a half years old, you may also have to pay an additional 10% tax on early withdrawals, unless you qualify for an exception.